How to make cabinet face frames




The shop plan for this cabinet says we need two 2” x 30” stiles, a 3” x 10” top rail and a 2” x 10” bottom rail.
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upper cabinet shop plan
Start by ripping your stock to 1/8” larger than needed if you have a planer to run them down to the finished size. Otherwise cut them to just a hair over size and then use a belt sander to clean up the saw marks.
cutting lumber on table saw
If you have three or more lengths of stock that are the same size you can run them through a planer on edge, holding them tight together as they go through. This does not work very well with one or two pieces.  You need at least three to keep them from tilting sideways. An overhead sander can also be used.
planing lumber
With a miter saw, cut your pieces from your stock. Then using a pocket screw jig (Sorry, no picture), drill your pocket holes in the ends of the top & bottom rails. Then simply glue them up and run some screws in to pull the joint tight. A clamp and piece of scrap will help to keep the stile & rail flat while assembling them. Don’t use a lot of pressure when clamping, just enough to keep everything lined up.
screwing faceframe together
You can also use biscuits or dowels for your face frames.
bisquiting faceframe
doweling faceframe
When assembling your face frames it is often helpful to cut spacers to help align the middle rails for drawer openings and such. They will go together much quicker and more accurately.
spacers for drawer openings
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